Joliot-Curie, Frédéric


Joliot-Curie, Frédéric
(1900-1951)
   physicist, Nobel laureate Born in Paris, where he attended the École normale supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielle, Frédéric Joliet upon graduation took a research position at the Radium institute at the University of Paris, where he met Irene Curie, the daughter of marie and pierre curie. They married in 1926 and both adopted the surname Joliot-Curie. Frédéric Joliot-Curie is widely credited with bringing France into the atomic age through his research and discovery of artificially induced radioactivity, and later by his appointment as director of the French Atomic Energy Commission. The work of the Joliot-Curies led to the development of nuclear fission, nuclear energy, and atomic power. Their further research eventually led to the discovery of the first artificial isotope, then to artificial radioactivity (see irene joliot-curie). Frédéric Joliot-Curie's scientific work was always accompanied by social and political activism. A member of various groups and associations dedicated to the pursuit of peace and democracy, he encouraged France, at the beginning of the World War II,to purchase the world supply of heavy water (necessary for the production of atomic energy) from Norway and had it transferred to Britain. He was a staunch supporter of the resistance and a member of the French Communist Party. The first commissioner of the Atomic Energy Commission, he directed the construction of "Zoe," the first major French nuclear research center (1945). Relieved of his post in 1950 because of his political views, he dedicated himself to teaching, research, and serving as president of the World Peace Council. He received the Nobel Prize in chemistry with his wife in 1935 and was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1943.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joliot-Curie , Frédéric — (1900–1958) French physicist Frédéric Joliot, the son of a prosperous Paris tradesman, was educated at the School of Industrial Physics and Chemistry. In 1923 he began his research career at the Radium Institute under Marie Curie, where he… …   Scientists

  • Joliot-Curie, Frédéric and Irène — ▪ French chemists original names (until 1926)  Jean Frédéric Joliot  and  Irène Curie  Respectively,   born March 19, 1900, Paris, France died Aug. 14, 1958, Arcouest born Sept. 12, 1897, Paris died March 17, 1956, Paris  French physical chemists …   Universalium

  • Joliot-Curie — Frédéric …   Scientists

  • Frederic Joliot-Curie — Frédéric Joliot Curie Frédéric Joliot Curie Naissance 19 mars 1900 Paris (France) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frédéric joliot-curie — Naissance 19 mars 1900 Paris (France) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JOLIOT-CURIE (F.) — JOLIOT CURIE FRÉDÉRIC (1900 1958) Physicien français, né et mort à Paris. Ingénieur de l’École de physique et de chimie industrielles de la Ville de Paris, où il reçut l’enseignement de Paul Langevin, Jean Frédéric Joliot décide de se consacrer à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frederic Joliot-Curie — Frédéric Joliot Curie auf einer DDR Briefmarke Als Vorsitzender des W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joliot-Curie —   [ʒɔl joky ri],    1) Irène, französische Physikerin, * Paris 12. 9. 1897, ✝ ebenda 17. 3. 1956, Tochter von Marie und P. Curie, Ȋ (seit 1926) mit 2); war seit 1918 als Assistentin an dem von ihrer Mutter geleiteten Institut du radium in Paris.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Joliot-Curie-Gymnasium — Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1873 Ort Görlitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joliot-curie — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Le nom de Joliot Curie est celui de trois personnalités : Frédéric Joliot Curie (1900 1958), physicien français (époux de Irène Joliot… …   Wikipédia en Français